What is Dynamic Asset Allocation?
Dynamic asset allocation is a portfolio management strategy that frequently adjusts the mix of asset classes to suit market conditions. Adjustments usually involve reducing positions in the worst-performing asset classes while adding to positions in the best-performing assets.
Dynamic asset allocation is a strategy of portfolio diversification in which the mix of financial assets is adjusted based on macro trends, either in the economy, or the stock market.
The stock and bond components of a portfolio might be adjusted based on the well-being of the economy, the health of a specific sector, or the presence of a broad-based bear or bull market.
Advantages of Dynamic Asset Allocation
The investment strategy offers some advantages over other types of allocations, including:
The frequent adjustments in the mix of assets can possibly provide higher returns on the investment portfolio. The portfolio adjustments can prevent losses from unexpected market downturns and capture the momentum to increase the returns.
In addition, proficient portfolio managers can use dynamic asset allocation to achieve returns higher than the average market returns. In other words, the strategy can be utilized to beat the market.
2. Adjustment to market changes
Unlike static asset allocation, dynamic allocation is highly flexible. The strategy can quickly respond to market changes and market risks.
Disadvantages of Dynamic Asset Allocation
The strategy is not flawless. The potential user should be aware of the following disadvantages:
1. Transaction costs
The frequent rebalancing the weights within the portfolio is associated with transaction costs. However, the constant buy and sell transactions diminish the overall returns of the portfolio.
2. Active management
The nature of dynamic asset allocation requires tight control of the investment portfolio and constant observation of emerging market trends. Therefore, the asset allocation strategy requires the skills and knowledge of a professional portfolio manager and may often demand extensive sources (e.g., employees for research).
Limitations of Dynamic Asset Alloacation
Active Management: Actively adjusting portfolio allocations to meet changing market conditions takes time and resources. Investment managers need to keep up-to-date with breaking macro- and company-specific news to determine its impact on various asset classes. Additional research analysts may need to be hired to help ensure the correct investment decisions are made.
Transaction Costs: Dynamic asset allocation involves frequently buying and selling different assets. This increases transaction costs that reduce the portfolio’s overall return. If most holdings in the portfolio are trending higher, a management strategy that favors buy-and-hold investing, such as constant-weighted asset allocation, may outperform dynamic asset allocation due to fewer transaction costs.